Argentina: Social vulnerability and integrated risk (SVIR)

Data overview

The social vulnerability indicators for Argentina are spread over the themes of population, economy, infrastructure, education,and health. The dataset of Argentina is composed of 57 indicators at level P2 of subnational geographic organization given in 527 subdivision distributed into parishes known in Argentina as: departmentos, partidos and comunas. The chart below explains the percentage of variables in the total dataset under each specific main theme.

Figure 1

The entire 57 indicators were statistically analyzed. In addition to a harmonized dataset, a reduction of the socio-economic indicators into a smaller parsimonious set of variables that best represent social and economic vulnerability cluster analysis was performed. The multi-variable statistical analysis was utilized to provide a statistical basis for the choice of indicators.

Table 1. Argentina variables of social Vulnerability

ThemeSub-themeVariable
Population Population StructurePopulation
Population Population StructureMale Population
Population Population StructurePopulation Density (inhabitants/km2)
Population Population StructureNumber of Households
Population Population StructureTotal Dwellings
Population Population StructureDwelling Type - House
Population Population StructureDwelling Type - Apartment Building
Population Population StructureDwelling Type - Tenement (Inquilinato)
Population Population StructureDwelling Type - Hut
Population Population StructureMulti residential building, hotels, hospitals
Population Population StructureHousehold - property owned fully paid
Population Population StructureHousehold - Property owned but paying mortgage
Population Population StructureNumber of people per Household
Population Vulnerable PopulationFemale Population
Population Vulnerable PopulationPopulation Age 0 -14
Population Vulnerable PopulationLabor Force Age 15-64
Population Vulnerable PopulationPopulation living in collective housing
Population Vulnerable PopulationPopulation over 65
Population Vulnerable PopulationPopulation living Dwelling with unadequated physical Characteristics
Population Vulnerable PopulationPopulation living in Overcrowded Dwellings
Population Vulnerable PopulationHousehold - Paying monthly rent
Population Vulnerable PopulationPopulation under 5 years old
PopulationVulnerable PopulationNative Indigeneous Population
PopulationVulnerable PopulationAge dependance
PopulationVulnerable PopulationPopulation not in the labor force (Age 0-15 and 65+)
PopulationVulnerable PopulationHomeless Population
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationHouseholds with accessto improved water source
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationHousehold with NO bathroom
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationHousehold with shared bathroom
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationNO Natural Gas public distribution
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationNatural Gas public network distribution
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationHouseholds with NO access to improved water source
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationHouseholds with No Electric Energy Access
InfrastructureEnergy, Water and SanitationHousehold with poor provision of Public Services
InfrastructureTransport and CommunicationMobile cellular subscriptions
InfrastructureTransport and CommunicationPopulation with Computer Access
InfrastructureTransport and CommunicationPopulation with NO Computer Access
InfrastructureTransport and CommunicationIn Household Computer
InfrastructureTransport and CommunicationHousehold with NO fixed Telephone line
InfrastructureTransport and CommunicationTelephone lines
HealthHealthcare resourcesHospital Clinics
HealthHealthcare resourcesHospital , Clinics per 1000 population
HealthHealthcare statusPopulation with no healthcare
EducationEducation OutcomePopulation Knows how to Read and Write
EducationEducation OutcomeIlliteracy Rate
EducationEducation OutcomeEducation Level completed Primary
EducationEducation OutcomeEducation Level Secondary
EducationEducation OutcomeEducation Level Completed (Superior, Technical, University)
EducationEducation OutcomePopulation with NO formal education
EducationEducation OutcomePopulation that does not read and Write (15+ years)
EconomyIncome distribution and PovertyPopulation with One unsatisfied basic need
EconomyLabour MarketEconomically Active Population (EAP) with a Job
EconomyLabour MarketEconomically Active Population (EAP) with no Job
EconomyLabour MarketPopulation Non Economically Active
EconomyLabour MarketPopulation employeed in the Manufacturing Industry (15-64)
EconomyLabour MarketPopulation employed in the Hotels/Restaurant sector
EconomyLabour MarketPopulation employeed in the Commercial Industry (15-64)

Final variable selection

A correlation analysis was performed on the above variables (table 1). Highly correlated variables (Spearman’s R>0.700) were eliminated from further consideration to avoid subjectively choosing one variable over another for inclusion in subsequent analyses. The correlation analysis is useful in reducing the data to a set of variables that are parsimonious and acceptable to represent the social vulnerability of the Argentinian population.

Table 2. Argentina final variable selection

ThemeSub-themeVariable
PopulationPopulation structureFemale population (%)
PopulationPopulation structureNumber of people per household
PopulationPopulation structurePopulation Density (people/sqkm)
Populationvulnerable populationHouseholds paying rent (%)
Populationvulnerable populationHomeless population (%)
Populationvulnerable populationNative indigeneous population (%)
Populationvulnerable populationAge dependance (%)
InfrastructureEnergy, water, and sanitationNo natural gas public distribution (%)
InfrastructureEnergy, water, and sanitationHouseholds with no access to improved water source (%)
EducationEducation outcomePopulation with no formal education (%)
EconomyLabor marketPopulation working in the manufacturing Industry (15-64) (%)
EconomyLabor marketPopulation working in the Hotel/restaurant sector (15-64) (%)
EconomyLabor marketPopulation working in the commercial Industry (15-64) (%)
EconomyIncome distribution and povertyPopulation economically active with no job (%)
HealthHealthcare statusPopulation with no healthcare (%)


Social Vulnerability components

The social vulnerability scores for Argentina at subnational level reveals the spatial distribution of the socio-economic conditions of the population across the country. The following figures provide the social vulnerability subcomponents obtained for Argentina. For instance, the spatial distribution of the education subcomponent shows low levels of social vulnerability around the Buenos Aires province, this province is characterized for the urban setting and provides good access to education to the population (figure 2A). Likewise, the economic sub-component shows high levels of social vulnerability around Buenos Aires and Santa Fe provinces where Argentina’s economy activity is concentrated (figure 2B). Likewise, the social vulnerability sub-components for health, infrastructure, and vulnerable population (Figure 2 C,D,E) show low levels of social vulnerability around the major urban centers such as, Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Rosario, Santa Fe, etc

Figure 2

(A) (B) (C)
(D) (E)

Integrated Risk

The five components of social vulnerability (population, economy, education, infrastructure and health) are subsequently aggregated and normalized to produce the final social vulnerability score (Figure 3A). The spatial distribution of the integrated risk for Argentina is obtained from combining the social vulnerability and the risk average annual losses indexes (figure 3B). High integrated risk can be understood as those subnational areas experiencing high seismicity, high physical earthquake risk, and high levels of social vulnerability. In the case of Argentina we can see from the spatial distribution that integrated risk index (figure 3C) is higher at those sub-national parishes in the North West part of the country towards the Andes mountains in the western part of the country. This zone is characterized for experiencing high seismicity and also high levels of social vulnerability. The east and central part of the country around the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Rosario , La plata, remains in a low social vulnerability and integrated risk area as these can be considered low seismic risk zones.

Figure 3

(A) (B) (C)
  • argentina.txt
  • Last modified: 2016/11/16 14:40
  • by Miguel Toquica